The article is a part of a partnership with the Center for Critical Studies in Language, Education, and Society (NECLES), on the Fluminense Federal College (UFF), to supply articles to be used as teaching resources in public schools within the metropolis of Niterói, Rio de Janeiro’s sister metropolis throughout Guanabara Bay.
The digital world, notably social media, has lowered distances and created comfort and connections which somewhat over a decade in the past would have been not possible. Through the Covid-19 pandemic—with the need for social isolation—teleworking and digital conferences have been important alternate options to permit us to take care of our lives. Have been it not for on-line occasions (albeit barely overdone), we would have died of boredom.
Who is aware of, maybe via this digital life a few of life’s injustices might be corrected and even delivered to an finish. An instance is the unjust arrest of young Luiz Justino, a resident of Grota, a neighborhood in Niterói, who was thought-about a suspect as per common police requirements and ended up in a jail cell. Due to an unlimited on-line and in-person mobilization, and to the repercussion within the press, the arbitrary nature of the arrest was reversed and Justino was released. You will need to do not forget that Justino is a younger black man and a cellist within the Grota Orchestra, a reality which helped mobilize the general public.
His case, the place a photograph collected from his social media feeds was included in a Civil Police database, sparked questions of how and why the police maintain an album of pictures of younger black youth to incorporate as suspects. And, greater than that, why are these “suspects” overwhelmingly black?
From then on, different circumstances with the identical traits—a younger black man strolling down the streets of Niterói is approached and since his photograph is already within the police database, usually collected from social media, he’s arbitrarily arrested—started to emerge. It’s value taking into account that in line with a survey carried out by Nexo, Niterói is one of the cities with the largest white population in the country, and one of the most racially segregated on this planet. In line with Casa Fluminense’s Inequality Map, 88% of victims of police killings in Niterói in 2019 had been black.
Following the case of Luiz Justino, there was that of Danilo Félix, 25, who was stopped by plainclothes police and brought to the 76th Civil Police station in Niterói, accused of armed theft and imprisoned after being acknowledged by the sufferer via a photograph. The lawyer on the case sustained that the pictures utilized by the police for identification had been taken from Félix’s Fb profile. The younger man spent 58 days in jail. On the day of his trial, September 28, a large mobilization of the black and artists’ movements of Niterói took place in entrance of the Niterói Courthouse. At round 6pm, the information of Félix’s launch was introduced, inflicting a normal commotion.
However the cases did not end. An identical one is that of Carlos Henrique de Santana Moreira, a younger man arrested whereas working at a moto-taxi stand in Niterói throughout a police examine that used a photograph to establish him as chargeable for a 2017 theft. Motivated by the success of the mobilization leading to Félix’s launch, the households of three younger males with circumstances with the identical traits—Danilo Félix, Carlos Henrique de Santana Moreira and Jefferson Ribeiro—collectively with the black motion, organized an illustration on October 15, in entrance of the Alcântara Courthouse, in Colubandê, a neighborhood of São Gonçalo, on the day of Santana Moreira’s trial. Sadly, the presumed sufferer didn’t present up, which may have assured the younger man’s launch. However, the choose on the case rescheduled a brand new trial for December 3. The households and black civil society actions rescheduled the mobilization for a similar day.
Quickly after, on November 17, one other mobilization occurred on the Niterói Courthouse attributable to one more case of the identical nature. This time, it concerned Jefferson Ribeiro, a young man of 21. Ribeiro was on his strategy to work, on September 1, when he was stopped by members of the Niterói Presente drive at round 6pm, within the neighborhood of Charitas. The law enforcement officials declared there have been three excellent arrest warrants in opposition to him for armed theft, and Ribeiro was arrested with out proof.
The November 17 demonstration—organized by Ribeiro’s mom and sisters, civil society and black actions—started similtaneously the trial, at 3pm. As with Danilo Félix’s trial, the hope was that the sentence could be introduced at 6pm. At roughly 3:30pm, nonetheless, the lawyer informed the household, “He has been launched, however the choose has requested that the demonstration be damaged up.” With a combination of pleasure and outrage, the household thanked supporters for his or her presence and requested that the demonstration be delivered to an finish. Shaken, Ribeiro’s mom, Adriana Ribeiro do Nascimento, spoke somewhat about how this course of has been:
“Life will get exhausting. One thing like this shakes up your entire household. Notably the mom, who doesn’t want one thing like this for her youngsters. It’s very troublesome, it’s very painful. I’m very grateful for the collaboration and to everybody who has been round giving help, serving to out. It’s actually necessary to know that there are individuals who like us. Being black, it’s troublesome to search out somebody who will maintain us, consider in us, help us. I’ve to thank everybody who’s right here. We’ve got to proceed this mobilization and moms must consider their youngsters and combat, not keep quiet! They’ll’t do it alone, they must shout. They must ask for assist, like my daughter did.”
Justino’s, Félix’s and Ribeiro’s circumstances had been reversed, very possible because of well-liked mobilization on social media and in particular person. There are extra circumstances nonetheless, mapped out by the Niterói Municipal Council’s Human Rights Fee, together with that of Santana Moreira; of the brothers Everton and Jefferson de Azevedo Barcellos; of Laudei Oliveira da Silva; of Nathan Nunes Lopes Batista; of Carlos Eduardo de Oliveira; of Rafael Santos Maciel; and of so many others which haven’t but come to mild and so many others that haven’t but occurred, however whose Fb, Instagram, and different profile footage are already within the police on-line album.
To denounce these abuses dedicated in opposition to younger black males by the Niterói police, metropolis councillor Renatinho do PSOL, President of the Niterói Municipal Council’s Human Rights Fee, together with a bunch of representatives from civil society actions, despatched the United Nations (UN) a letter denouncing these human rights violations and circumstances of racism.
Along with the Niterói Municipal Council’s Human Rights Fee, the letter is signed by Justiça Global, Grupo Tortura Nunca Mais do Rio de Janeiro (Torture By no means Once more Group), the Instituto de Defensores de Direitos Humanos – DDH (Institute of Defenders of Human Rights), state consultant Renata Souza (the president of the Human Rights Fee within the Rio de Janeiro State Legislative Assembly—Alerj), and state consultant Flavio Alves Serafini, who can also be a member of Alerj’s Human Rights Fee. View the doc despatched to the UN here.
On November 30, 2020, .at 6pm, the Niterói Municipal Council’s Human Rights Fee held a public listening to on the Arbitrary Imprisonment of Black Youth in Niterói. The listening to was broadcast dwell by TV Câmara, the Council’s tv channel.
The Niterói Municipal Council’s Human Rights Fee mapped out nine cases, which occurred in current months in Niterói, of harmless black males who had been disadvantaged of their freedom after going via a flawed means of photographic “recognition” within the metropolis’s police stations, via pictures taken from their social media and illegally included in police photograph albums across the metropolis.
In most of those circumstances, there’s a conduct sample: younger males, all of them black, are stopped in an arbitrary method by law enforcement officials within the streets of the town of Niterói. The listening to was carried out by the president of the Council’s Human Rights Fee, councillor Renatinho do PSOL, who has already denounced this racist state coverage to the UN. Relations of the victims of police abuse and representatives from human rights organizations took half within the listening to.
On December 3, at 3:30pm, there was an illustration for the discharge of Santana Moreira on the Alcântara Courthouse.
Watch the video of the “Public Listening to, Arbitrary Imprisonment of Black Youth in Niterói” Here:
Alessandro Conceição is a resident of Morro da União, a journalist, and a Master of Ethnic and Racial Studies. A flexible black “artivist” with the Center for the Theater of the Oppressed, his journey with the theater began in 2001 with the play Pirei na Cenna, psychological well being initiatives, tradition factors, and with the formation of well-liked theater teams, along with experiences performing in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, the USA, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Spain, Mozambique, Zambia, Senegal and Uruguay. Within the antiracist combat he’s an artist-activist from the group Coloration of Brazil (Cor do Brasil) and the collective Siyanda Black Experimental Cinema. Within the arts of life he has been a road vendor, a trainee at a financial institution, an attendant in a chocolate store, and a social educator.